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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - El agua
    would make use of any available pools for taking a dip in or the water might be channelled from the stream bed up to an elevated point then along a pipeline jerío until it fell onto the paddles turning a millstone used to grind cereals and produce gofio coarse toasted meal Over twenty mills were to be found scattered around the ravine In the twentieth century the township s new reservoirs were built each with its own history Construction of the Garabato reservoir dating from the nineteen forties required not only the hard labour of large numbers of country people but also cost the life of one of the workers While it is true that the reservoirs were constructed to promote export crops they have also benefited products for home consumption or local markets The presence of underground water in the Vallehermoso ravine is a conse quence of its geological structure more porous materials are found at the head of the valley more impermeable ones in its middle and lower sections This water emerges via springs which depending on their volume of water are classified as romanientes minos fuentes and manatiales Vallehermoso has a total of 131 springs the largest of which is at Erque Young women used to fetch water from the springs for their households filling the jugs which they carried balanced on their heads On Saint John s Day it was traditional to adorn the springs with mastranto Mentha spp ferns including the maidenhair fern Adiantum capillis veneris and other ornamental flowers in the belief that in this manner the water was blessed The exploitation of water for agriculture dating back to the period of conquest was in the form of dulas whereby water rights were assigned to land owners Thus each landlord was granted exclusive use

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - La Fortaleza
    or siempreviva Limonium redivivum among other endemic species In cracks in the most exposed rock faces bushes such as the wild olive Olea europaea and heather Erica ssp are found growing The gentler slopes are covered by sparse Cistus scrub together with large numbers of grasses The first mention which seems to refer to La Fortaleza appears in the incident described by Hernando de Castro or de Ormel who in 1424 took refuge there all the islanders gathered together and seeing that the Christians were far from the sea and in full battle they forced them to retreat to a high place which is called in the ancient tongue Argodei which means fortress as it is formed by a very high cliff with an entrance on one side only L Torriani 1959 the full forces of the Gomerans came out to meet them and the Castillians began retreating to a rock fortress where other Gomerans had laid an ambush it has a narrow entrance and exit and the cliff which is impassable has a hole called Argodei and blocked off with sticks and trunks they were fenced in and under siege T A Marín 1694 ed 1986 La Fortaleza Chipude0

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - Los Organos
    of long tubes This curious morpho logy is due to the formation process an emission of very viscous lava which ascended with great difficulty and cooled very slowly due to its large volume As its temperature decreased it contracted and fractured along planes giving rise to a structure with polygonal prismatic shapes The materials which covered this lava flow less resistant than the viscous lavas were rapidly eroded giving rise to this plug or roque At the same time the zone most exposed to the sea started crumbling due to the dashing of the waves so that the internal structure of the ancient lava flow the famous prisms or organ pipes were revealed Apart from being an exceptional geological feature of unquestionable scenic interest the Organos formation is also of great ecological value as much below water as on the surface Worthy of note is the presence of several pairs of common terns Sterna hirundo as well as the almost extinct osprey Pandion haliaetus Along the borderline between sea and land defined by the action of the tide and in shallower waters numerous species of great bota ni cal interest are found And the nature of the sea bed makes

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - Roque Cano
    of arms and is a symbol of identity for the local inhabitants dubbed pan ta neros due to the abundance of marrows in the area Its genesis is due to intrusive vol canic activity in other words the magma ascended through more ancient materials belonging to the basement complex Once it had cooled very slowly this magma solidified forming columns very similar to those of Los Organos although of smaller dimensions which are visible on its west face Erosion dismantled the materials covering the more massive central lavas to reveal this imposing phonolithic plug more than 200 metres in height Despite the proximity to inhabited settlements its inaccessibility has favoured the growth and conservation of numerous species of rupicolous plants of great ecolo gical value Endemic species such as Senecio hermosae ragwort genus only found here and on the likewise Gomeran Roque Aganda as well as Argyranthemum calli chry sum Gomeran daisy Gono spermum gomerae Ruta micro carpa Gomeran rue and Brachy podium arbuscula are of excep tional interest Roque Cano0 jpg alt Roque Cano0 jpg target blank Roque Cano1 jpg alt Roque Cano1 jpg target blank Roque Cano2 jpg alt Roque Cano2 jpg target blank Roque Cano3 jpg alt

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - La Palma
    Gaspar Fructuoso s text 1590 with a blow of their machetes in the middle of the trunk they distil a liquor from it which they use as wine of such an agreeable flavour that it can be drunk easily and there are taverns for it To exploit it more efficiently they cut a groove from the wound in the palm tree to the mouth of whatever vessel they intend to fill and extracted in this way no further preparation is required and it remains only to be drunk Although the utilisation of the palm for nutritional purposes is the best known the tree was made use of almost in its entirety Its roots were employed in rope and sandal making The trunk once it had been hollowed out and dried could be put to use as a beehive a drinking trough dornajo for livestock or as a recipient taño for keeping cereals in The leaves pencas had various uses fodder for livestock handy brooms for sweeping archways for local celebrations raw materials for hat mat and bag making etc The pirguan or central rib of the leaf was used in building as a base for tiles on the roofs of houses or it could divide the room of a house act as a fence around a vegetable garden or be employed in basket making The base of the frond known as the talahague was burnt as fuel for toasting gofio coarsely ground cereals or for cooking The jarropón or arropón the fibres around the terminal shoot served as litter for livestock as an organic fertilizer and as packaging material for bananas The fruits of the tree if they were ripe could be fed to livestock and when they were still unripe and hunger threatened they would be roasted and consumed

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - El Casco Histórico
    de Macayo Valle Abajo Barranco de la Quilla Barranco del Ingenio Barrio del Cabo Barrio de Vegueta etc At this time building started on the church of Saint John the Baptist San Juan Bautista located in the middle section of the ravine Those who established themselves in its vicinity belonged to the most influential classes who had secured their wealth with silk or wine export and the income obtained from land ownership Houses with tiled roofs the use of wood for window frames two storey construction and whitewashed facades were all signs of a new middle class The less favourable but nearby areas were inhabited by the lower classes whose dwellings continued to be made of stone with a single room and a thatched roof The town centre became concentrated around the Calle Real Royal Street and the Barrio de Triana Triana Quarter until in 1812 the Township of Vallehermoso was constituted In 1856 the Military Governor Juan de Castro portrayed this period of splendour in accordance with the favourable economic conditions of the moment it is considered the richest and most civilised on the island its population amounts to 200 homes grouped in a single street and three adjacent quarters The posterior wine crisis marked the start of a period of economic recession The development of banana growing at the beginning of the twentieth century initiated a new cycle of economic boom The Triana Quarter connected up with the Calle Real To facilitate shipment of the banana production the davit was built on the beach Vallehermoso became the political and cultural centre of the island The casino was built for the most influential and equally the workers federation reflects the political awareness of the ever increasing number of workers The confrontation reached its climax during General Franco s coup

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - Arquitectura tradicional
    of windows gave rise to a characteristic model of façade consisting of a plane in which the openings were horizontally and vertically aligned without the house losing its original layout or building materials A distinction can be made between traditional urban and traditional rural architecture Traditional urban houses have given shape to the streets and blocks which make up the most populated nuclei such as Vallehermoso They were elegantly constructed and display stone or wooden staircases and balconies Building was on enclosed pieces of land with a small vegetable garden at the back They came to form terraced rows and depending on the layout of their ground plan three house models can be differentiated those consisting of a single covered space of two in an L shape or less commonly three in a C or U shape The lower floor of the house was re served for business accommodation for servants or store rooms In contrast traditional rural houses have a ground floor only with one or two modules in an L shape They display a scattered distribution and integrate fully into the landscape due to among other factors the use of locally available stone for their finish They were functional dwellings in which entire families could be accommodated crops and farming tools stored and livestock provided with shelter Their roofs were generally four sloped although rooms with two slope roofs tended to be added on and the tiles continued to be of local manufacture either curved Arabic or flat French Depending on the relative affluence of the families between the front of the house and the vegetable garden there might be either a porch supported on wooden columns for vines to clamber up or else a front garden or stone bench Nearby would be the wood burning oven It

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  • La Gomera :: Ayuntamiento de Vallehermoso :: Turism - Paredones andenes y terrazas
    the local gentry s treasuries with ample profits were reserved for the Count s family or granted as endowments to friends or conceded in return for services with the result that the descendants of those who had been so favoured eventually made up the bulk of the influential class on the island Although the retaining walls first appeared in the sixteenth century they later multiplied coinciding with periods of economic boom experienced in the late seventeenth century when the population of La Gomera doubled in 1680 22 people lived in Tamargada One century later the Island went through another spell of economic and demographic growth which led to further expansion of cultivated land But it was above all in the twentieth century after the Civil War that the population increased in parallel with the need to create new space thereby producing the characteristic image of a landscape full of terraces as we know it today From 1900 to 1950 the population of La Gomera doubled it was in this year that Tamaragua attained its maximum of 468 inhabitants The construction of these terraces involved a remarkable pooling of the available work force and the services of master wallers who supervised the tasks using mandarrias large iron hammers marrones sledge hammers pistoletes explosive charges and serones large baskets or panniers for transport marginal terrain was broken up or fertile land was cleared in wooded areas after which the terraces were erected with the yellowish coloured stones from the vicinity On them produce for home consumption such as potatoes maize cabbages pantana marrow cereals and peas were and still are grown But it was the vine which characterised production in Tamargada large amounts of wine being exported at certain times in local history Not in vain wine from Tamargada enjoys a well

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